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神经科学研究中常用的科学术语简写

时间:2006-03-23 10:46来源:solomon 作者:bioguider 阅读:

~P high-energy phosphate bond

2r-CPPene 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl) 1-propenyl-1-phosphonic acid

3-MT 3-methoxytyramine

3-OMD 3-O-methyldopa

5,7-DCK 5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid

5,7-DHT 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine

5-HIAA 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid

5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin)

5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan

6-OHDA 6-hydroxydopamine

8-OHdG 8-hydroxyguanine

a alpha

A argon

AADC aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase

AANAT aryl alkylamine N-acetyltransferase

AAPH azobis(2-amidinopropane)hydrochloride

AAV adeno-associated virus

ABC ATP-binding cassette

Abeta amyloid beta-peptide

ABTS 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6--sulphonate)

AC adenyl cyclase

Ac actinium

ACh acetylcholine

AChE acetylcholinesterase

AChR acetylcholine receptor

ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone

AD Altzheimer's Disease

Ad2 adenovirus 2

ADP adenosine 5'-diphosphate

AFP anterior forebrain pathway

AFT activating transcription factor

Ag silver (L. argentum)

Ag2 silver ion

AGE advanced glycation end-product

AI artificial intelligence

AIDS acquired immunodificiency syndrome

AIP acute intermittent porphyria

AKAP protein Kinase A anchoring protein

a-KG alpha ketoglutarate

a-KGDH a-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase

AL argininosuccinate lyase

Al aluminum

Ala alanine

ALD adrenoleukodystrophy

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Am americium

AMD age related macular degeneration or acid maltase deficiency adrenomyeloneuropathy

AMN adrenomyeloneuropathy

AMOG adhesion molecule on glia

AMP adenosine 5'-monophosphate

AMPA a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyul-4-isoxazole

AMPA alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-propionate

AMP-PNP adenylylimidodiphosphate

AMPT a-methyl-p-tyrosine

AMV avian myeloblastosis viral

AMVN 2,2'-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile)

ANP atrial natriuretic peptide

AP adaptin

AP site apurinic (or apyrimidinic) site

AP-1 adaptin-1

AP-2 adaptin-2

ApCAM Aplesia cell adhesion molecule

APDC 2R,4R-4-aminopyrrolidine-2-4-dicarboxuylate

ApoE apolipoprotein E

APP amyloid precursor protein

APPL beta-amyloid precursor like protein

ARAS ascending reticular activating system

ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome

ARE antioxidant response element

ARF ADP-ribosylation factor

Arg arginine

ARIA Ach receptor-inducing activity

Arp1 actin related protein 1

AS argininosuccinate synthetase

As arsenic

Asn asparagine

Asp aspartic acid

At astatine

ATP adenosine 5'-triphosphate

Au gold (L. aurum)

AZT azidodeoxythymidine

b beta

B boron

Ba barium

BAC bacterial artificial chromosome

BAPP beta-amyloid precursor protein

BAPTA 1,2,-bis(o-aminophenoxy)etane-N-N'-N'-N'-tetraacetic acid

BARK beta-adrenergic receptor kinase

BBB Blood Brain Barrier

BCAA branched chain amino acid

BCDHC branched chain dehydrogenase complex

BCP bag cell peptides

BDA biodextran amine an anterograde tracer (neurobiology)

BDI bleomycin-detectable iron

BDNF brain derived neurotrophic factor

Be berilium

BH4 tetrahydrobiopterin

BHA butylated hydroxyanisole

BHC 2-aminonorbornane-2-carboxylic acid

BHT butylated hydroxytoluene

Bi bismuth

Bk berkelium

BLPH beta-lipotropin

BMAA beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine

BMP bone morphogenetic proteins

BMR basal metabolic rate

BNP brain natriuretic peptide

BOLD blood oxygenation level dependent

bp base pair

BPB p-bromophenacyl bromide

BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia

Br bromine

BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BTX batrachotoxin

BuChE butyryl (or pseudo) cholinesterases

c xi

C carbon

Ca calcium

CA catecholamines

Ca++ calcium ion

cADPr cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose

CAK CDK-activating kinase

CAKAK CAK-activating kinase

cal calorie

CAM cell adhesion molecule

CaMK Ca++-calmodulin-dependent protein kinases

cAMP adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate

CBF cerebral blood flow

CBP CREB-binding protein

CBV cerebral blood volume

CCK cholecystokinin

Cd cadmium

cdc cell division cycle (protein)

CDF cholinergic differentiation factor

CDK cyclin-dependent kinase

cDNA complementary DNA

CDP cytidine diphosphate

CDP-DAG cytidine diphosphate diacylglycerol

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