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运动词汇

时间:2006-03-24 21:12来源:转载 作者:bioguider 阅读:
运动词汇

本词汇来源于:http://www.pro-sports.com.hk
在此表示感谢!~

比哆醇 ( 维生素B6 ) == pyroxidine ( vitamin B6 )
α生育酚 ( 维生素E ) == alpha tocopherol ( vitamin E )
α波 ( 脑波 ) == alpha wave ( brainwave )
β波 ( 脑波 ) == beta wave ( brainwave )
δ波 ( 脑波 ) == delta wave ( brainwave )
θ波 ( 脑波 ) == theta wave ( brainwave )
ABO系统 ( 血型 ) == ABO system ( blood group )
B细胞 == B cell
Rh 系统 == rhesus system
Rh 阴性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-negative ( rhesus system )
Rh 阳性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-positive ( rhesus system )
T细胞 == T cell
X光 ( 放射线摄影术 ) == X-ray ( radiography )
X染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == X chromosome ( sex chromosome )
Y染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == Y chromosome ( sex chromosome )



一划

乙状结肠( 结肠 ) == sigmoid colon ( colon )



二划

二尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == bicuspid valve ( heart valve )
二尖齿( 前臼齿 ) == bicuspid ( premolar )
二倍体细胞 == diploid cell
二氧化碳( 无机化合物 ) == carbon dioxidel / CO2 ( inorganie compound )
人口( 死亡率 ) == population ( mortality rate )
人工肾脏( 透析 ) == artificial kidney ( dialysis )
人工节律器( 窦房结 ) == artificial pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )
人工瓣膜( 心瓣膜 ) == artificial valve ( heart valve )
人工关节 == artificial joint
人字缝( 骨缝 ) == lambdoid suture ( suture )
人乳( 乳汁 ) == human milk ( milk )
人体生物学 == human biology ( biology )
人类免疫不全病毒(人类免疫不全病毒) == Human Immunodeficiency virus ( HIV)
人类基因组计画( 基因组 ) == Human Genome Project ( gemone )
人体系统 == body system
十二指肠 == duodemun



三划

三甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == triglyceride ( fat )
三尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == tricuspid valve ( heart valve )
三角肌 == deltoid
三角骨( 腕骨 ) == triquetrum ( carpal )
三胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == triplets ( multiple pregnancy )
三级支气管( 支气管 ) == tertiary bronchus ( bronchus )
下位的 == inferior
下直肌( 眼直肌 ) == inferior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
下肢 == lower extremity
下食道括约肌( 幽门括约肌 ) == lower oesophageal sphincter ( pyloric sphincter )
下唇降肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == depressor labii inferioris ( orbicularis oris )
下斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == inferior oblique ( oblique eye muscle )
下腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == inferior vena cava ( vena cava )
下视丘 == hypothalamus
下鼻甲( 颜面骨 ) == inferior nasal coneha ( facial bone )
下颌( 颌骨 ) == lower jaw ( jaw )
下颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == mandible ( facial bone )
下臂( 上肢 ) == lower arm ( upper extremity )
上皮( 上皮组织 ) == epithelium ( epithelial tissue )
上皮组织 == epithelial tissue
上位的 == superior
上直肌( 眼直肌 ) == superior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
上肢 == upper extremity
上唇提肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == levator labii superioris ( orbicularis oris )
上斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == superior oblique ( sblique eye muscle )
上腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == superior vena cave ( vena cave )
上颌( 颌骨 ) == upper jaw ( jaw )
上颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == maxilla / maxillae ( facial bone )
上臂( 上肢 ) == upper arm ( upper extremity)
上颚犬齿( 犬齿 ) == eye teeth ( canine )
上睑提肌( 眼轮匝肌 ) == levator palpebrae superioris ( orbicularis oculi )
丸,丸剂( 避孕用具 ) == pill ( contraceptive )
千卡( 千焦耳 ) == kilocalorie / kcal ( kilojoule )
千焦耳( kj ) == kilojoule ( kh )
口 == mouth
口角降肌( 笑肌 ) == depressor anguli oris ( risorius )
口角提肌( 笑肌) == levator anguli oris ( risorius )
口渴( 营养 ) == thirst ( nutrition )
口腔( 口 ) == oral cavity ( mouth )
口轮匝肌 == orbicularis oris
大分子( 分子 ) == macromolecule ( molecule )
大阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia majora ( vagina )
大量营养素 == macronutrient
大肠 == large intestine
大脑 == cerebrum
大脑半球( 大脑 ) == cerebral hemisphere ( cerebrum )
大脑疲质( 大脑 ) == cerebral cortex ( cerebrum )
大腿( 下肢 ) == thigh ( lower extremity )
大腿( 下肢 ) == upper leg ( lower cxtremity )
大腿骨( 股骨 ) == thighbone ( femur )
大隐静脉( 股静脉 ) == great saphenous vein ( femoral vein )
子宫 == uterus / womb
子宫内膜( 月经周期 ) == endometrium ( menstrual cycle )
子宫颈( 子宫 ) == cervix ( uterus )
小动脉( 动脉 ) == arteriole ( artery )
小阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia minora ( vagina )
小肠 == small intestine
小脑 == cerebellum
小叶( 肝细胞 ) == lobule ( hepatocyte )
小叶( 肝 ) == lobule ( lung )
小腿( 下肢 ) == lower leg ( lower extremity )
小静脉( 静脉 ) == venule ( vein )
干扰素 == interferon
弓 == arch



四划

不孕 == infertility
不表现的( 基因型 ) == unexpressed ( genotype )
不相容血液( 血型 ) == incompatible blood ( blood group )
不动关节( 关节 ) == fixed joint ( joint )
不溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == insoluble fibre ( dietary fibre )
不随意肌( 平滑肌 ) == involuntary muscle ( smooth muscle )
不饱和的( 油 ) == unsaturated ( oil )
中子( 原子 ) == neutron ( atom )
中心粒( 纺锤体 ) == centriole ( spindle )
中央窝( 视网膜 ) == fovea ( retina )
中央管( 脑脊髓液 ) == central canal ( cerebrospinal fluid )
中耳 == middle ear
中风( 栓塞 ) == stroke ( thrombosis )
中胚层( 分化 ) == mesoderm ( differentiation )
中暑( 温度调节 ) == heatstroke ( thermoregulation )
中轴 == axis
中轴骨胳 == axial skeleton
中脑( 脑干 ) == midbrain ( brain stem )
中隔( 心脏 ) == septum ( heart )
中线( 中轴 ) == midline ( axis )
中枢神经系统( 神经系统 ) == central nervous system / CNS ( nervous system )
元素 == element
内分泌系统 == endocrine system
内分泌腺( 腺体 ) == endocrine gland ( gland )
内分泌学 == endocrinology
内出血( 出血 ) == internal haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )
内刺激( 刺激 ) == internal stimulus ( stimulus )
内在环境( 环境 ) == internal environment ( enviromment )
内收 == adduction
内收肌( 内收 ) == adductor ( adduction )
内收大肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor magnus ( adductor longus )
内收短肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor brevis ( adductor longus )
内耳 == inner ear
内呼吸( 呼吸 ) == internal respiration ( reapiration )
内直肌( 眼直肌 ) == medial rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
内胚层( 分化 ) == endoderm ( differentiation )
内侧的 == medial
内斜肌( 外斜肌 ) == internal oblique ( external oblique )
内视镜( 内视镜检查 ) == endoscope ( endoscopy )
内视镜检查 == endoscopy
内质网 == endoplasmic reticulum / ER
六零六( 艾希利 ) == salvarsan ( Paul Ehrlich )
分子 == molecule
分化 == differentiation
分泌( 腺体 ) == secretion ( gland )
分娩( 生产 ) == parturition ( birth )
分娩第一期( 阵痛 ) == first stage of labour ( labour )
分娩第二期( 分娩 ) == second stage of labour ( laborur )
分娩第三期( 分娩 ) == third stage of labour ( labour )
分裂球( 卵裂 ) == blastomere ( cleavage )
分节 == segmentation
分叶( 肺 ) == segment ( lung )
分解代谢 == catabolism
分解代谢反应( 分解代谢 ) == catabolic reaction ( catabolism )
分解激素 == hormone breaddown
化学反应 == chemical reaction
化学抵抗 == chemical resistance
化合物 == chemical compound
化学能( 能量 ) == chemical energy ( energy )
化学受器 == chemoreceptor
化学键 == chemical bond
升结肠( 结肠 ) == ascending colon ( colon )
反射 == reflelx
反射弧 == reflex arc
反应( 刺激 ) == response ( stimulus )
天花 == smallpox
尺神经 == ulnar nerve
尺骨 == ulna
尺侧屈腕肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor carpi ulnaris ( flexor of the hand )
巴托林 == Bartholin , Csspar
巴甫洛夫 == Pavlov , Ivan
巴斯德 == Pasteur , Louis
巴齐尼氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Pancinian corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )
引起过敏的( 过敏原 ) == allergenic ( allergen )
心力衰竭( 心脏病发作 ) == heart failure ( heart attack )
心包囊( 心脏 ) == pericardium ( heart )
心肌 == cardiac muscle
心肌梗塞( 心脏病发作 ) == myocardial infarction ( heart attack )
心房 == atrium / atria
心房收缩( 心抟 ) == atrial systole ( heartbeat )
心室( 心脏 ) == ventricle ( heart )
心室收缩( 心抟 ) == ventricular systole ( heartbeat )
心舒期( 心抟 ) == diastole ( heartbeat )
心抟.心跳 == heartbeat
心抟周期( 心抟 ) == heartbeat cycle ( heartbeat )
心跳速率 == heart rate
心电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG / electrocardiogram ( electrocardiograph )
心电图仪 == electrocardiograph
心瓣膜 == heart valve
心脏 == heart
心脏血管系统( 循环系统 ) == cardiovascular system ( circulatory system )
心脏病发作 == heart attack
心脏病学 == cardiology
手 == hand
手指( 指骨 ) == finger / digit ( phalanx of the hand )
手部伸肌 == extensor of the hand
手部屈肌 == flexor of the hand
支气管 == bronchus / bronchi
支气管分支 == bronchial tree
月状骨( 腕骨 ) == lunate ( carpal )
月经 == menstruation
月经周期 == menstrual cycle
止痛剂( 药物 ) == analgesic ( drug )
比目鱼肌( 跟腱 ) == soleus ( Achilles tendon )
比沙 == Bichat , Marie Francois
毛细胞 == hair cell
毛发 == hair
毛囊( 毛发 ) == hair follicle ( hair )
水 == water / H2O
水痘 == chickenpox
水溶性纤维生素 == water-soluble vitamins
水样波( 玻璃液 ) == aqueous humour ( vitreous humour )
牙痛( 龋齿 ) == toothache ( tooth decay )
牙齿 == tooth
生皮癣 == psoriasis
犬齿 == canine


五划

丙酮酸( 糖解 ) == pyruvic acid ( glycolysis )
主动免疫( 免疫 ) == active immunization ( immunization )
主动脉 == aorta
主动脉半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == aortic semilunar valve ( heart valve )
主动运动 == active transport
代谢 == metabolism
代谢脂肪 == fat metabolism
代谢蛋白质 == protein metabolism
代谢率 == metabolic rate
代谢产物 == metabolite
代谢障碍 == metabolic disorder
充氧血( 动脉 ) == oxygenated blood ( artery )
出汗( 排汗 ) == sweating ( perspiration )
出血 == haemorrhage
出生率( 死亡率 ) == birth rate ( mortality rate )
加瓦尼 == Galvani , Luigi
加伦 == Galen , Claudius ( Galenus )
北里柴三郎 == Kitasato , Shibasaburo
半月板 == meniscus / menisci
半动关节( 关节 ) == partially moveable joint ( joint )
半球( 小脑 ) == hemisphere ( cerebellum )
半规管 == semicircular canal
半透膜( 差异性渗透膜 ) == semi-permeable membrane ( differentially )
半腱肌( 腿后腱 ) == semitendinosus ( hamstring )
半膜肌( 腿后腱 ) == semimembranosus ( hamstring )
卡路里( 禾焦耳 ) == calorie ( kilojoule )
卡尔梅特 == Calmette , Albert
去氧核糖核酸 == DNA
去氧核糖核酸( 去氧核糖核酸 ) == deoxyribonucleic ( DNA )
去胺基作用 == deamination
可伦坡 == Colombo , Matteo
可溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == soluble fibre ( dietary fibre )
右肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )
右肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )
右淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == right lymphatic duct ( lymph vessel )
史密斯 == Smith , Theobald
史塔林( 高峰丈吉 ) == Starling , Ernest ( Jokichi , Takamine )
四分体( 交换 ) == tetrad ( crossing over )
四胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == quadruplets ( multiple pregnancy )
外分泌腺( 腺体 ) == exocrine gland ( gland )
外出血( 出血 ) == external haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )
外半规管( 半规管 ) == lateral semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
外皮( 外皮系统 ) == integument ( integumentary system )
外皮系统 == integumentary system
外在环境( 环境 ) == external environment ( environment )
外耳 == outer ear
外耳道( 外耳 ) == auditory canal ( outer ear )
外呼吸( 呼吸 ) == external respiration ( respiration )
外刺激( 刺激 ) == external stimulus ( stimulus )
外直肌( 眼直肌 ) == lateral rectus ( rectus eye muscle )
外胚层( 分化 ) == ectoderm ( differentiation )
外展 == abduction
外展肌( 外展 ) == abductor ( abduction )
外侧的( 内侧的 ) == lateral ( medial )
外斜肌 == external oblique
巨人症( 生长激素 ) == gigantism ( growh hormone )
左肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )
左肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )
平面关节( 滑动关节 ) == plane joint ( gliding joint )
平滑内质网( 内质网 ) == smooth endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )
平滑肌 == smooth muscle
平衡 == balance
平衡( 平衡 ) == equilibrium ( balance )
弗拉卡斯托罗 == Fuacastoro , Girolamo
弗勒明 == Flemming , Walther
必需胺基酸 == essential amino acid
本能( 行为 ) == instinct ( behaviour )
本能行为( 行为 ) == instinctive behaviour ( behaviour )
本体感受器( 机械性受器 ) == proprioceptor ( mechanoreceptor )
正子发射断层( 正子发射断层摄影 ) == PET / positron emission tomograph ( positron emission tomography )
正子发射断层摄影 == positron emission tomography
正中神经( 桡神经 ) == median nerve ( radial nerve )
正回馈( 回馈系统 ) == positive feedback ( feedback system )
甘油( 脂肪 ) == glycerol ( fat )
甘农( 贝尔那 ) == Cannon , Walter ( Claude Bernard )
生化学家( 生物化学 ) == biochemist ( biochemistry )
生育控制 == birth control
生物化学 == biochemistry
生物时钟( 昼夜节律 ) == biological clock ( circadian rhythm )
生物素 == biotin
生物学 == biology
生长 == growth
生长激素 == growth hormone
生理学 == physiology
生理学家( 生理学 ) == physiologist ( physiology )
生产 == birth
生殖系统 == reproductive system
生殖周期 == reproductive cycle
生殖器( 生殖系统 ) == genitals ( reproductive system )
用手习惯 == handedness
甲状软骨( 喉 ) == thyroid cartilage ( larynx )
甲状腺 == thyroid gland
甲状腺素( 甲状腺 ) == thyroxine ( thyroid gland )
甲状腺机能亢进( 代谢障碍 ) == hyperthyroidism ( metabolic disorder )
白子( 黑色素 ) == albinos ( melanin )
白化症 == albinism
白血病 == leukaemia
白血球 == white blood cell / leucocyte
白喉 == diphtheria
白质 == white matter
布罗卡 == Broca , Paul
皮内尔 == Pinel , Phillipe
皮脂( 皮脂腺 ) == sebum ( sebaceous gland )
皮脂腺 == sebaceous gland
皮肤 == skin
皮肤病学 == dermatology
皮质( 肾上腺 ) == cortex ( adrenal gland )
皮质( 肾 ) == cortex ( kidney )
皮质骨( 致密骨 ) == cortical bone ( compact bone )
皮质类固醇( 肾上腺 ) == corticosteroid ( sdrenal gland )
矢状缝( 骨缝 ) == sagittal suture ( suture )
石绵肺症 == asbestosis



六划

交叉( 交换 ) == chiasmata / chiasma ( crossing over )
交换 == crossing over
交媾( 性交 ) == copulation ( sexual intercourse )
交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == sympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous system )
亥姆霍兹 == Helmhltz , Hermann
休克 == shock
光受器 == photoreceptor
光学显微镜( 显微镜检查 ) == light microscope ( microscopy )
光学显微照片( 显微镜检查 ) == light micrograph ( microscopy )
先天性反射 == inborn reflex
先天性行为( 行为 ) == innate behaviour ( behaviour )
先天性缺陷 == birth defect
全身感觉( 感觉 ) == general sense ( sense )
共价键( 化学键) == covalent bond ( chemical bond )
再生( 组织 ) == regeneration ( tissue )
列奥米尔 == Reaumur , Rene Antoine
同化作用 == assimilation
同卵双胞胎 == identical twins
同源染色体 == homologous chromosome
同质结合细胞 == homozygous cell
合子 == zygote
合成代谢 == anabolism
合成代谢反应( 合成代谢 ) == anabolic reaction ( anabolism )
回馈系统 == feedback system
多不饱和脂肪( 油 ) == polyunsaturated fat ( oil )
多伊西 == Doisy , Edward
多胎妊脤 == multiple pregnancy
多发性硬化 == multiple sclerosis ( MS )
多醣( 碳水化合物) == polysaccharide ( carbohydrate )
字根 == word root
安.纳菲斯 == An-Nafis , Ibn
安德森 == Anderson , Elizabeth Garrett
成人 == adult
成年齿( 恒齿 ) == adult teeth ( permanent teeth )
收缩压( 血压计 ) == systolic blood pressur ( sphygmomanometer )
早产 == premature birth
有性生殖( 生殖系统 ) == sexual reproduction ( reproductive system )
有氧呼吸 == aerobic respiration
有丝分裂 == mitosis
有意识的( 意识 ) == conscious ( consciousness )
有机化合物 == organic compound
次级支气管( 支气管 ) == secondary ( bronchus )
次级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == secondary follicle ( follicle )
死亡 == death
死亡率 == mortality rate / death rate
汗( 汗线 ) == sweat ( sweat gland )
汗孔( 汗腺 ) == sweat pore ( sweat gland )
汗线 == sweat gland
汗管( 汗腺 ) == sweat duct ( sweat gland )
灰质 == grey matter
百日咳 == whooping cough / pertussis
米勒 == Muller , Johannes
米德 == Mead , Margaret
羊水( 羊膜 ) == amniotic fluid ( amnion )
羊膜 == amnion
羊膜穿刺术( 羊膜 ) == amniocentesis ( amnion )
老化 == ageing
老花眼( 远视 ) == presbyopia ( long sight )
耳 == ear
耳石( 球囊 ) == otolith ( saccule )
耳咽管 == eustachian tube
耳廓( 外耳 ) == pinna ( outer ear )
耳鸣 == tinnitus
耳蜗 == cochlea
耳聋 == deafness
肋骨( 胸廓 ) == rib ( ribcage )
肋软骨( 胸廓 ) == costal cartilage ( ribcage )
肋间肌 == intercostal muscle
肌小束( 肌肉 ) == sarcomere ( muscle )
肌肉 == muscle
肌肉收缩 == muscle contraction
肌肉疲劳 == muscle fatigue
肌肉组织 == muscular tissue
肌肉紧张( 肌肉收缩 ) == muscle tone (muscle contraction )
肌原纤维( 肌肉 ) == myofibril ( muscle )
肌动蛋白( 肌肉 ) == actin ( muscle )
肌凝蛋白( 肌肉 ) == myosin ( muscle )
肌肉萎缩症 == muscular dystrophy
肌纤维( 肌肉 ) == muscle fibre / myofibre ( muscle )
自律神经系统 == autonomic nervous system
自然免疫( 免疫系统 ) == natural immunity ( immune system )
自溶( 溶梅体 ) == autolysis ( lysosome )
自体免疫 == autoimmunity
自体免疫疾病( 自体免疫 ) == autoimmune disease ( autoimmunity )
臼齿 == molar
舌 == tongue
舌下腺( 唾液腺 ) == sublingual gland ( salivary galnd )
舌骨 == hyoid bone
舟状骨( 腕骨 ) == scaphoid ( carpal )
舟状骨( 跗骨 ) == navicular ( tarsal )
色盲 == colour blindness
色觉 == colour vision
艾克曼 == Eijkman , Christiaan
艾利希 == Ehrlich , Paul
血小板 == platelet
血小板栓子( 血小板 ) == platelet plug ( platelet )
血友病( 凝固 ) == haemophilia ( coagulation )
血型 == blood group
血型系统( 血型 ) == blood group system ( blood group )
血红素 == haemoglobin
血栓( 栓塞 ) == thrombus ( thrombosis )
血栓细胞( 血小板 ) == thrombocyte ( platelet )
血液 == blood
血液透析( 透析 ) == haemodialysis ( dialysis )
血液学 == haematology
血管 == blood vessel
血管加压素( 抗利尿激素 ) == vasopressin ( antidiuretic hormone )
血管收缩( 血管舒张 ) == vasoconstriction ( vasodilation )
血管造影( 血管造影术 ) == angiograph (angiography )
血管造影片( 血管造影术 ) == angiogram (angiography )
血管造影术 == angiography
血管舒张 == vasodilation
血凝块( 凝固 ) == blood clot ( coagulation )
血浆 == blood plasma
血浆蛋白( 血浆 ) == plasma protein ( blood plasma )
血糖( 葡萄糖 ) == blood sugar ( glucose )
血压 == blood pressure
血压计 == sphygmomanometer
行为 == behaviour
囟门 == fontanelle



七划

亨耳 == Henle , Friedrich
亨氏环( 肾小管 ) == loop of Henle ( renal tubule )
亨特 == Hunter , John
佛莱明爵士 == Fleming , Sir Alexander
佛罗瑞爵士 == Florey , Sir Howard
伸肌( 伸展 ) == extensor ( extension )
伸肌支带( 手部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the hand )
伸肌支带( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the foot )
伸展 == extension
伸展感受器( 机械性受器 ) == stretch receptor ( mechanoreceptor )
低张的( 等张的 ) == hypotonic ( isotonic )
佝偻病 == rickets
克里克 == Crick , Francis
克列伯氏循环 == Krebs cycle
克列伯斯 == Krebs , Hans
免疫反应 == immune response
免疫系统 == immune system
免疫法 == immunization
免疫( 免疫系统 ) == immune ( immune system )
免疫球蛋白( 抗体 ) == immunoglobulin ( antibody )
免疫学 == immunology
利斯特 == Lister , Joseph
利维 – 蒙塔西尼 == Levi-Montalcini , Rita
卵子 == ovum / ova
卵子发生( 卵子 ) == oogenesis ( ovum )
卵母细胞( 卵子 ) == oocyte ( ovum )
卵巢 == ovary
卵巢周期 == ovarian cycle
卵细胞( 卵子 ) == egg cell ( ovum )
卵裂 == cleavage
卵圆窗( 内耳 ) == oval window ( inner ear )
卵磷脂( 磷脂 ) == lecithin ( phospholipid )
吞噬作用 == phagocytosis
吞噬细胞 == phagocyte
吞咽 == swallowing
呃逆 == hiccup / hiccough
吸入 == inhalation
吸入( 气体交换 ) == inhale ( gas exchange )
吸收 == absorption
吸气( 吸入 ) == inspiration ( inhalation )
含氮废物( 排泄 ) == nitrogenous waste ( excretion )
均衡的饮食( 食物 ) == balanced diet ( diet )
坐骨( 骨盆带 ) == ischium ( pelvic girdle )
坐骨神经 == sciatic nerve
坐骨神经痛 == sciatica
妊娠 == pregnancy
尿素( 尿液 ) == urea ( urine )
尿液 == urine
尿道( 膀胱 ) == urethra ( bladder )
尿嘧啶( 盐基 ) == uracil ( base )
利尿剂( 抗利尿激素 ) == diuretic ( antidiuretic hormone )
尾骨 == coccyx
尾椎( 尾骨 ) == coccygeal vertebra ( coccyx )
希波克拉底 == Hippocrates
希斯 == His , Wilhelm
快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == rapid eye movement sleep / REM sleep ( sleep )
抗生素( 药物 ) == antibiotic ( drug )
抗利尿激素 == antidiuretic hormone / ADH
抗原 == antigen
抗胰岛素 == glucagon
抗组织胺药物( 枯草热 ) == antihistamine drug ( hay fever )
抗凝血剂 == anticoagulant
抗坏血酸( 维生素C ) == ascorbic acid ( vitamin C )
抗体 == antibody
抗体间接免疫(体液免液) == antibody-mediated immunity ( humoral immunity )
扭伤 == sprain
折射( 调节 ) == refracted ( accommodation )
杜维 == Duve , Christian de
杓状软骨( 喉 ) == arytenoid cartilage ( larynx )
沙克 == Salk , Jonas
狂犬病 == rabies
肝 == liver
肝炎 == hepatitis
肝门静脉( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic portal vein ( hepatic artery )
肝动脉 == hepatic artery
肝细胞 == hepatocyte
肝循环( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic circulation ( hepatic artery )
肝糖 == glycogen
肘( 铰金关节 ) == elbow ( hinge joint )
肛门( 直肠 ) == anus ( rectum )
肛门内括约肌( 直肠 ) == internal anal sphincter ( rectum )
肛门外括约肌( 直肠 ) == external anal sphincter ( rectum )
肛道( 直肠 ) == anal canal ( rectum )
肚脐( 脐带 ) == navel ( umbilical cord )
角蛋白( 结构蛋白 ) == keratin ( atructural protein )
角膜 == cornea
角质层( 表皮 ) == cornified layer ( epidermis )
贝尔 == Baer , Karl von
贝尔那 == Benard , Claude
贝尔爵士 == Bell , Sir Charles
足.脚 == foot
足部伸肌 == extensor of the foot
足部屈肌 == flexor of the foot
足趾( 趾骨 ) == toe / digit ( phalanx of the foot )
足跟( 跗骨 ) == heel ( tarsal )
防腐剂 == antiseptic
八划

乳化( 胆汁 ) == emulsify ( bile )
乳汁 == milk
乳房( 泌乳 ) == breast ( lactation )
乳腺( 泌乳 ) == mammary gland ( lactation )
乳管( 泌乳 ) == milk duct ( lactation )
乳酸( 糖解 ) == lactic acid ( glycolysis )
乳酸酦酵 == lactic acid fermentation
乳齿 == milk teeth
乳糖 == lactose
乳糖梅( 乳糖 ) == lactase ( lactose )
乳头( 味蕾 ) == papilla ( taste bud)
乳头( 泌乳 ) == nipple ( lactation )
乳糜管 == lacteal
供血者( 输血 ) == blood donor ( blood transfusion )
佩鲁茨 == Perutz , Max
侏儒症( 生长激素 ) == dwarfism ( growth hormone )
两手同利的 == ambidextrous ( handedness )
刺激 == stimulus
受孕 == conception
受精 == fertilization
受器( 感觉神经元 ) == receptor ( sensory neuron )
受器位置( 激素 ) == receptor site ( bormone )
味孔( 味蕾 ) == taste pore ( taste bud )
味道( 味觉 ) == flavour ( taste )
味蕾 == taste bud
味觉 == taste
呼出 == exhalation
呼出( 气体交换 ) == exhale ( gas exchange )
呼吸 == breathing
呼吸 == respiration
呼吸中枢( 呼吸速率 ) == respiratory centre ( breathing rate )
呼吸系统 == respiratory system
呼吸控制 == respiratory control
呼吸速率 == breathing rate
呼吸道 == respiratory tract
呼吸膜 == respiratory membrane
呼气( 呼出 ) == expiration ( exhalation )
周围的,末梢的 == peripheral
周围神经( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nerve ( nervous system )
周围神经系统( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nervous system ( nervous system )
固定巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == fixed macrophage ( monocyte )
夜盲 == night blindness
孟德尔 == Mendel , Gregor
屈曲 == flexion
屈肌( 屈曲 ) == flexor ( flexion )
屈肌支带( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor retinaculum ( flexor of the hand )
屈趾长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum longus ( flexor of the foot )
屈拇长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor hallucis longus ( flexor of the foot )
屈拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == flexor pollicis brevis (opponens pollicis )
屈指浅肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum superficialis ( flexor of the hand )
屈趾短肌 == flexor digitorum brevis
帕金森氏症 == Parkinson’s disease
帕雷 == Pare , Ambroise
延髓( 脑干 ) == medulla oblongata ( brain stem )
弧影( 指甲 ) == lunula ( nail )
性交 == sexual intercourse
性染色体 == sex chromosome
性细胞 == sex cell
性联对偶基因 == sex-linked allele
性激素 == sex hormone
拉瓦钖 == Lavoisier , Antoine
拉埃内克 == Laennec , Rene Theophile
拇指( 指骨 ) == thumb / first digit ( phalanx of the hand )
拇趾( 趾骨 ) == big toe ( phalanx of the foot )
拇囊肿 == bunion
抵抗力 == resistance
放射线照片( 放射线摄影术 ) == radiograph ( radiography )
放射线摄影术 == radiography
昏迷( 意识 ) == coma ( consciousness )
枕骨大孔( 颅 ) == foramen magnum ( cranium )
枕骨( 颅 ) == occipital bone ( cranium )
枕骨肌( 额肌 ) == occipitalis ( frontalis )
果糖( 糖 ) == fructose / fruit sugar ( sugar )
林德 == Lind , James
杵臼关节 == ball-and socket joint
泌尿系统 == urinary system
泌乳 == lactation
柲乳反射( 泌乳 ) == milk let-down reflex ( lactation )
波特 == Pott , Percival
法布里休斯 == Fabricius , Hieronymus
法罗皮欧 == Fallopio Gabriello
油 == oil
治疗( 诊断 ) == therapy ( diagnosis )
泡( 胞饮作用 ) == vesicle ( pinocytosis )
泛酸 == pantothenic acid
炎症 == inflammation
盲肠 == caecum
盲点 == blind spot
直肠 == rectum
空肠 == jejunum
肺 == lung
肺半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == pulmonary semilunar valve ( heart valve )
肺泡 == alveolus / alveoli
肺泡巨噬细胞( 尘细胞 ) == alveolar macrophage ( dust cell )
肺炎 == pneumonia
肺活量 == vital capacity
肺气肿 == emphysema
肺循环 == pulmonary circulation
肺叶( 肺 ) == lobe ( lung )
肥胖 == obesity
肢带 == girdle
肱二头肌 == biceps brachii
肱三头肌 == triceps brachii
肱肌 == brachialis
肱骨 == humerus
肱骨内髁( 尺神经 ) == funny bone ( ulnar nerve )
肱动脉 == brachial artery
肱静脉 == brachial vein
肱桡肌 == brachioradialis
股二头肌( 腿后腱 ) == biceps femoris ( hamstring )
股中间肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus intermedius ( quadriceps femoris )
股内侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus medialis ( quadriceps femoris )
股四头肌 == quadriceps femoris
股外侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus lateralis ( quadriceps femoris )
股直肌( 股四头肌 ) == rectus femoris ( quadriceps femoris )
股骨 == femur
股动脉 == femoral artery
股静脉 == femoral vein
肩( 杵臼关节 ) == shoulder ( ball-and-socket joint )
肩胛骨( 胸带 ) == shoulderblade / scapula ( pectoral girdle )
肩带( 胸带 ) == shoulder girdle ( pectoral girdle )
虎克 == Hooke , Robert
初乳 == colostrum
初级支气管( 支气管 ) == primary bronchus ( bronhus )
初级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == primary follicle ( follicle )
初经,月经初潮 == menarche
表皮 == epidermis
表皮山脊 == epidermal ridge
表皮角层( 指甲 ) == cuticle ( nail )
表面的 == superficial
表面活性剂 == surfactant
表面张力( 表面活性剂 ) == surface tension ( surfactant )
表现的( 基因型 ) == expressed ( genotype )
表现型 == phenotype
近曲小管( 肾小管 ) == proximal convoluted tubule ( renal tubule )
近视 == short sight / near sight / myopia
近端的 == proximal
长出( 牙齿 ) == erupt ( tooth )
长拇趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor hallucis longus (extensor of the foot )
长趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum longus (extensor of the foot )
长期记忆( 记忆 ) == long-term memory ( memory )
门齿 == incisor
阿米巴病( 阿米巴痢疾 ) == amoebiasis ( amoebic dysentery )
阿米巴痢疾 == amoebic dysentery
阿滋海默症 == Alzheimer’s disease
阿尔克迈翁 == Alcmaeon
阿维森纳 == Avicenna , Idn Sina
附肢( 附肢骨骼 ) == appendage ( appendicular skeleton )
附肢骨骼 == appendicular skeletom
青少年期 ==adolescence
青春期 == puberty
非快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == non-rapid eye movement sleep / NREM sleep ( sleep)
非专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == non-specific resistance ( resistance )
非传染性疾病 == non-infectious
非传染病( 传染病 ) == non-communicable disease (communicable disease )



九划

保温箱( 早产 ) == incubator ( premature birth )
保险箱( 避孕用具 ) == condom ( contraceptive )
促毋状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyroid-stimulating hormone ( pituitary gland )
促甲状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyrotropin ( pituitary gland )
促肾上腺皮质激素( 脑下垂体 ) == ACTH / adrenocorticotrophic hormone ( pituitary gland )
促进扩散( 扩散 ) == facilitated diffusion ( diffusion )
促滤泡成熟激素 == follicle-stimulating hormone / FSH
冠( 法琅质 ) == crown ( enamel )
冠状动脉 == coronary artery
冠状动脉栓塞( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary thrombosis ( coronary artery )
冠状循环( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary circulation ( coronary artery )
冠状缝( 骨缝 ) == coronal suture ( suture )
冠状窦( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary sinus ( coronary artery )
前半规管( 半规管) == anterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
前列腺,摄护腺 == prostate gland
前臼齿 == premolar
前囟( 囟门 ) == anterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )
前面的 == anterior
前庭( 球囊 ) == vestibule ( saccule )
前脑 == forebrain
前叶( 脑下垂体 ) == anterior lobe ( pituitary gland )
前锯肌 == serratus anterior
前臂( 上肢 ) == forearm ( upper extremity )
咳嗽 == coughing
咽 == pharynx
咽喉( 咽 ) == throat ( pharynx )
哈氏小管( 骨单元 ) == Haversian canal ( osteon )
哈氏系统( 骨单元 ) == Haversian system ( osteon )
哈弗斯 == Havers , Clopton
哈勒 == Haller , Albrecht von
哈维 == Harvery , William
垂体神部( 脑下垂体 ) == neurohypophysis ( pituitary gland )
垂体腺性部( 脑下垂体 ) == adenohypophysis ( pituitary gland )
姿势( 肌肉收缩 ) == posture ( muscle contraction )
威尔柯夫 == Virchow , Rudolph
封闭式骨折( 骨折 ) == closed fracture ( fracture )
幽门括约肌 == pyloric sphincter
后天性免疫下全征候群( 爱滋病 ) == Acquired lmmune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )
后半规管( 半规管 ) == posterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )
后囟( 囟门 ) == posterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )
后面的 == posterior
后叶( 脑下垂体 ) == posterior lobe ( pituitary gland )
扁平足 == flat foot
扁桃腺 == tonsil
拮抗( 对掌拇肌 ) == oppose ( opponens pollicis )
拮抗组( 骨骼肌 ) == antagonistic pair ( skeletal muscle )
指甲 == nail
指纹( 表皮山脊 ) == fingerprint ( epidermal ridge )
指骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the hand
指节 == knuckle
括约肌 == sphincter
染色分体( 染色体 ) == chromatid ( chromosome )
染色体 == chromosome
染色体数( 染色体 ) == chromosome number ( chromosome )
柔毛( 毛发 ) == vellus hair ( hair )
枯草热 == hay fever
柯蒂氏器( 耳蜗 ) == organ of Corti ( cochlea )
柯霍 == Doch , Robert
毒素( 病原体 ) == toxin ( pathogen )
氟 == fluorine
流行性感冒 == influenza / flu
流行性腮腺炎 == mumps
流行( 接触传染病 ) == epidemic ( contagious disease )
流行病学家( 病理学 ) == epidemiologist ( pathology )
流产 == miscarriage
活体组织检查 == biopsy
洛尔 == Lower, Richard
玻璃液 == vitreous humour
玻璃软骨 == hyaline cartilage
玻璃体( 玻璃液 ) == vitreous body ( vitreous humour )
疫苗 == vaccine
疫苗接种( 疫苗 ) == vaccination ( vaccine )
眉毛( 眼睑 ) == eyebrow ( eyelid )
科罗纳 == Khorana , Hai Gobind
穿孔( 鼓膜 ) == perforated ( eardrum )
突触 == synapse
突触小结( 突触 ) == synaptic knob ( synapse )
突变 == mutation
红血球 == red blood cell / erythrocyte
红骨髓( 骨髓 ) == red marrow ( bone marrow )
红绿色盲( 色盲 ) == red-green colour blindness ( colour blindness )
耶尔森 == Yersin , Alexandre
胚胎 == embryo
胚胞 == blastocyst
胃 == stomach
胃小凹( 胃液 ) == gastric pit ( gastric juice )
胃液 == gastric juice
胃蛋白梅( 胃液 ) == pepsin ( gastric juice )
胃肠病学 == gastroenterology
胃肠道( 消化系统 ) == gastrointestinal tract ( digestive system )
胃腺( 胃液 ) == gastric gland ( gastric juice )
背面的( 后面的 ) == dorsal ( posterior )
背根( 神经根 ) == dorsal root ( nerve root )
背阔肌 == latissimus dorsi
胎毛( 毛发 ) == lanugo ( hair)
胎儿 == fetus
胎记( 先天性缺陷 ) == birthmark ( birth defeet )
胎盘 == placenta
胞饮作用 == pinocytosis
胞嘧啶( 盐基 ) == cytosine ( base )
胞器 == organelle
致癌物质( 癌症 ) == carcinogen ( cancer )
苯酮尿症 == phenylketonuria / PKU
虹膜 == iris
负回馈( 回馈系统 ) == negative feedback ( feedback system )
迪奥斯科里斯 == Dioscorides , Pedanius
重组( 交换 ) == recombination (crossing over )
降肌( 降肌 ) == depressor ( depression )
降血钙素( 甲状腺 ) == calcitonin ( thyroid gland )
降低 == depression
降低毒性的( 疫苗 ) == attenuated ( vaccine )
降结肠( 结肠 ) == descending colon ( colon )
音箱( 喉 ) == voice box ( larynx )
音调( 听觉 ) == pitch ( hearing )
风湿症 == rheumatism
飞沬传递( 传染性疾病 ) == droplet transmission ( infectious disease )
食道 == oesophagus
食管( 食道 ) == gullet ( oesophagus )
食糜 == chyme
胜胎( 胺基酸 ) == peptide ( amino acid )
胜胎键( 胺基酸 ) == peptide linkage / peptide bond ( amino acid )
胜胎梅( 小肠 ) == peptidase ( small intestine )
恒齿 == permanent teeth
恒定性 == homeostasis



十划

俯卧的( 旋前肌 ) == prone ( pronator )
伦琴 == Roentgen , Wilhelm
剖腹生产术 == Caesarian section
剖检( 活体组织检查 ) == autopsy ( biopsy )
原子 == atom
原生动物( 病原体 ) == protozoa ( pathogen )
原发性反应( 免疫反应 ) == primary response ( immune response )
唐氏征候群 == Down’s syndrome
哮喘 == asthma
埃因托芬 == Einthoven , Willem
夏盖 == Chargaff , Erwin
家庭计划( 生育控制 ) == family planning ( birth control )
射精( 性交 ) == ejaculate ( sexual intercourse )
展拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == abductor pollicis brevis ( opponens pollicis )
差异成长( 发育 ) == differential growth ( development )
差异性渗透膜 == differentially permeable membrane
库希奥科病 == kwashiorkor
库弗氏细胞( 肝细胞 ) == Kupffer cell ( hepatocyte )
库纳 == Kuhne , Wilhelm
耻骨( 骨盆带 ) == pubis ( pelvic girdle )
耻骨肌( 内收长肌 ) == pectineus ( adductor longus )
恩培多克勒 == Empedocles
捐赠者( 排斥反应 ) == donor ( rejection )
旅行病 ( 半规管 ) == travel sickness ( semicircular canal )
朗格汉 == Langerhans , Paul
核孔( 核 ) == nuclear pore ( nucleus )
核型 == karyotype
核甘酸( 核酸 ) == nucleotides ( nucleic acid )
核黄素 (维生素B2 ) == riboflavin ( vitamin B2 )
核磁共振成像 == magnetic resonance imaging
核磁共振影像 == MRI / magnetic resonance image ( magnetic resonance imaging )
核酸 == nuclelic acid
核膜( 细胞核 ) == nuclear envelope / nuclear membrane ( nucleus )
核糖核酸 == RNA
核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == ribonucleic acid ( RNA )
核糖体 == ribosome
根( 齿质 ) == root ( dentine )
根管( 髓 ) == root canal ( pulp )
桑格 == Sanger , Frederick
桑椹体 == morula
柴恩爵士 == Chain , Sir Ernst Boris
格拉夫 == Graaf , Regnier de
格拉夫滤泡 == Graafian follicle ( follicle )
栓塞 == thrombosis
气管 == trachea / windpipe
气体交换 == gas exchange
氧 ( 元素 ) == oxygen / O2 ( element )
氧 / 二氧化碳平衡( 呼吸控制 ) == oxygen / carbon dioxide balance (respiratory control )
氧化作用 == oxidation
氧合血红素( 血红素 ) == oxyhaemoglobin ( haemoglobin )
氧债 == oxygen debt
消化 == digestion
消化系统 == digestive system
消化道( 消化系统 ) == alimentary canal ( digestive system )
海桑 == Alhazen
海绵骨 == spongy bone
浮肋( 胸廓 ) == floating rib ( ribcage )
特化( 细胞分裂 ) == specialized ( cell division )
特殊感觉( 感觉 ) == special sense ( sense )
班廷 == Banting , Sir Frederick
班那顿 == Benenden , Edouard van
疾病 == disease
病毒 == virus
致病的,病原的( 细菌 ) == pathogenic ( bacteria )
病原体 == pathogen
病理学 == pathology
病理学家( 病理学 ) == pathologist ( pathology )
病媒( 传染性疾病 ) == vector ( infectious disease )
病菌( 细菌 ) == germ ( bacteria )
病征( 症状 ) == sign ( symptom )
症状 == symptom
疼痛 == pain
痂( 凝固 ) == scab ( coagulation )
真皮 == dermis
真肋( 胸廓 ) == true ribs ( ribcage )
真声带( 声带 ) == true vocal cord ( vocal cord )
眨眼( 眼睑 ) == blink ( eyelid )
砧骨( 中耳 ) == anvil / incus ( middle car )
破伤风 == tetanus
神经 == nerve
神经弓( 脊椎骨 ) == neural arch ( vertebra )
神经元 == neuron
神经肌肉接合处 == neuromuscular junction
神经系统 == nervous system
神经性厌食症( 厌食症 ) == anorexia nervosa ( anorexia )
神经径 == nerve tract
神经根 == nerve root
神经细胞( 神经元 ) == nerve cell ( neuron )
神经组织 == nervous tissue
神经传递介质( 突触 ) == neurotransmitter ( synapse )
神经节( 神经根 ) == ganglion ( nerve root )
神经胶细胞 == glial cell
神经冲动 == nerve impulse
神经( 病 )学 == neurology
神经纤维( 轴突 ) == nerve fibre ( axon )
笑肌 == risorius
纺锤体 == spindle
素食者 == vegetarian
纯素食者( 素食者 ) == vegan ( vegetarian )
缺氧血( 静脉 ) == deoxygenated blood ( vein )
脂肪 == fat
脂肪梅( 胰液 ) == lipase ( pancreatic juice )
脂肪的消化 == fat digestion
脂肪组织( 结缔组织 ) == adipose tissue ( connective tissue )
脂肪酸( 脂肪 ) == fatty acid ( fat )
脂溶性维生素 == fat-soluble vitamin
脂质 == lipid
胰岛( 胰脏 ) == islets of Langerhans ( pancreas )
胰岛素 == insulin
胰液 == pancreatic juice
胰蛋白梅( 胰液 ) == trypsin ( pancreatic juice )
胰管( 胰脏 ) == pancreatic duct ( pancreas )
胰淀粉梅( 胰液 ) == pancreatic amylase ( pancreat5ic juice )
胰脏 == pancreas
胸( 躯干 ) == thorax / chest ( trunk )
胸大肌 == pectoralis major
胸肌( 胸大肌) == pectoral muscle ( pectoralis major )
胸乳( 乳汁 ) == breast milk ( milk )
胸神经( 脊神经 ) == thoracic nerve ( spinal nerve )
胸骨 == sternum
胸骨( 胸骨 ) == breastbone ( sternum )
胸骨柄( 胸骨 ) == manubrium ( sternum )
胸骨体( 胸骨 ) == sternal body ( sternum )
胸带 == pectoral girdle
胸椎 == thoracic vertebra
胸腔( 腔 ) == thoracic cavity ( cavity )
胸腺 == thymus gland
胸腺嘧啶( 盐基 ) == thymine ( base )
胸廓 == ribcage
胸膜 == pleura membrane
胸膜液( 胸膜 ) == pleural fluid ( pleural membrane )
胸导管( 淋巴管) == thoracic duct ( lymph vessel )
胸锁乳突肌 == sternocleidomastoid
脉络膜( 眼睛 ) == choroid ( eye )
脉抟 == pulse
脉抟率( 心跳速率 ) == pulse rate ( heart rate )
能量 == energy
脊柱 == backbone
脊柱( 脊柱 ) == spine ( back bone )
脊柱( 脊柱 ) == vertebral column ( backbone )
脊柱胸肌 == spinalis thoracis
脊柱裂 == spina bifida
脊神经 ==spinal nerve
脊椎孔( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral foramen ( vertebra )
脊椎曲线( 脊柱 ) == vertebral curve ( backbone )
脊椎骨 == vertebra / vertebrae
脊膜( 粒腺体 ) == crista /cristae ( mitochondrion )
脊髓 == spinal cord
脊髓灰白质炎 == poliomyelitis ( polio )
蚓状肌 == lumbrical muscle
衰老( 老化 ) == senescence ( ageing )
记忆 == memory
记忆B细胞( B细胞 ) == memory B cell ( B cell )
记忆T细胞( T细胞 ) == memory T cell ( T cell )
迷路( 内耳 ) == labyrinth ( inner ear )
退缩反射 == withdrawal reflelx
回盲括约肌( 回肠 ) == ileocaecal sphincter ( ileum )
回肠 == ileum
配子( 性细胞 ) == gamete ( sex cell )
配子发性( 性细胞 ) == gametogenesis ( sex cell )
阵痛 == labour
饥饿( 营养 ) == hunger ( nutrition )
马氏体层( 表皮 ) == Malpighian layer ( epidermis )
马尾 == cauda equina
马尔必奇 == Malpighi , Marcello
骨 == bone
骨小梁( 海绵骨 ) == trabecula / trabceulae ( spongy bone )
骨化 == ossification
骨母细胞( 骨 ) == osteoblast ( bone )
骨折 == fracture
骨板( 骨单元 ) == lamella / lamellae ( osteon )
骨盆 == pelvis
骨盆入口( 骨盆 ) == pelvic inlet ( pelvis )
骨盆带 == pelvic girdle
骨细胞( 骨 ) == osteocyte ( bone )
骨单元 == osteon
骨间肌 == interosseus / interossei muscle
骨窝( 骨单元 ) == lacuna / lacunae ( osteon )
骨膜 == periosteum
骨质疏松症( 骨化 ) == osteoporosis ( ossification )
骨骼 == skeleton
骨骼肌 ==skeletal muscle
骨胳学 == osteology
骨缝 == suture
骨关节炎( 关节炎 ) == osteoarthritis ( srthritis )
骨髓 == bone marrow
骨髓腔( 骨髓 ) == medullary cavity ( bone marrow )
高血压 == hypertension
高峰吉丈 == Takamine , Jodichi
高基 == Golgi , Camillo
高基氏体 == Golgi body
高张的( 等张的 ) == hypertonic ( isotonic )
胺基( 胺基酸 ) == amino group ( amino acid )
胺基酸 == amino acid



十一划

伪足( 吞噬作用 ) == pseudopodium / pseudopodia ( phagocytosis )
假肋 == false rib ( ribcage )
假声带( 声带 ) == false vocal cord ( vocal cord )
做梦 == dreaming
偏头痛 == migraine
副甲状腺 == parathyroid gland
副甲状腺素( 副甲状腺 ) == parathyroid hormone / PTH ( parathyroid gland )
副交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == parasympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous system )
副睪( 睪丸 ) == epididymis ( testis )
动作电位( 神经冲动 ) == action potential ( nerve impulse )
动物淀粉( 肝糖 ) == animal starch ( glycogen )
动脉 == artery
动脉粥状硬化 == atherosclerosis
动能( 能量 ) == kinetic energy ( energy )
动情激素( 雌性激素 ) == oestrogen ( female sex formone )
动晕病( 半规管 ) == motion sickness ( semicircular canal )
动器( 运动神经元 ) == effector ( motor neuron )
动关节( 关节 ) == movable joint ( joint )
垩质 == cement
基因 == gene
基因型 == genotype
基因座( 对偶基因 ) == locus ( allele )
基因组 == genome
基底神经节( 大脑 ) == basal ganglia ( cerebrum )
基层( 表皮 ) == basal layer ( epidermis )
基础代谢率 == basal metabolic rate / BMR
妇科学 == gynaecology
密码子( 遗传密码 ) == codon ( genetic code )
带状包疹 == Herpes zoster ( shingles )
带状包疹 == shingles
张力( 肌肉收缩 ) == tension ( muscle contraction )
情绪 == emotion
接受者( 排斥反应 ) == recipient ( rejection )
接种( 疫苗 ) == inoculation ( vaccine )
接触传染病 == contagious disease
排斥反应 == rejection
排汗 == perspiration
排卵 == ovulation
排尿( 膀胱 ) == urination ( bladder )
排泄 == excretion
排泄器官( 排泄 ) == excretory organ ( excretion )
排便( 直肠 ) == defecation ( rectum )
斜方肌 == trapezius
斜方骨( 腕骨 ) == trapexium ( carpal )
斜视( 双眼视觉 ) == squint / strabismus ( binocular vision )
旋前方肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator puadratus ( pronator )
旋前肌 == pronator
旋前圆肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator ters ( pronator )
旋后肌 == supinator
昼夜节律 == circadian rhythm
梅奇尼柯夫 == Mechnikov , llya
梅斯纳氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Meissner’s corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )
梅毒 == syphilis
梅塞尔森 == Meselson , Matthew
梅达沃 == Medawar , Peter
杆细胞( 光受器 ) == rod ( photoreceptor )
条件反射( 先天性反射 ) == conditioned reflex ( inborn reflex )
梨形虫病 == giardiasis
杀手T细胞( T细胞 ) == killer T cell ( T cell )
氢( 元气 ) == hydrogen ( element )
液体平衡( 渗透调节 ) == fluid balance ( osmoregulation )
浅睡( 睡眠 ) == light sleep ( sleep )
淋巴 == lymph
淋巴因子( T细胞 ) == lymphokine ( T cell )
淋巴系统 == lymphatic system
淋巴细胞 == lymphocyte
淋巴结 == lymph node
淋巴干( 淋巴管 ) == lymph trunk ( lymph vessel )
淋巴管 == lymph vessel
淋巴器官 == lymphatic organ
淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph duct ( lymph vessel )
淋病 == gonorrhea
泪骨( 颜面骨 ) == lacrimal bone ( facial bone )
泪腺( 角膜 ) == lacrimal gland ( cornea )
泪囊( 角膜 ) == lacrimal sac ( cornea )
深的( 表面的 ) == deep ( superficial )
深睡( 睡眠 ) == deep sleep ( sleep )
牵张反射 == stretch reflex
犁骨( 颜面骨 ) == vomer ( facial bone )
球囊 == saccule
毕希纳 == Buchner , Eduard
异位妊娠 == ectopic pregnancy
异卵双胞胎 == fraternal twins
异质结合细胞 == heterozygous cell
疏水的( 磷脂 ) == hydrophobic ( phospholipid )
眼底镜 == opthalmoscope
眼直肌 == rectus eye muscle
眼科学 == ophthalmology
眼科肌 == oblique eye muscle
眼泪( 角膜 ) == tears ( cornea )
眼球( 眼睛 ) == eyeball ( eye )
眼眶 == orbit
眼窝( 眼眶 ) == eye socket ( orbit )
眼睛 == eye
眼轮匝肌 == orbicularis oculi
眼睑 == eyelid
硫 == sulphur
硫胺素( 维生素B1 ) == thiamine ( vitamin B1 )
移植手术( 排斥反应 ) == transplant operation ( rejection )
窒息 == choking
第一臼齿( 臼齿 ) == first molar ( molar )
第一楔骨( 跗骨 ) == first cuneiform ( tarsal )
第一跖骨( 跖骨 ) == first metatarsal ( metatarsal )
第二臼齿( 臼齿 ) == second molar ( molar )
第二性征( 性激素 ) == secondary sexual characteristic ( sex hormone )
第二楔骨( 跗骨 ) == second cuneiform ( tarsal )
第三臼齿( 智齿 ) == third molar ( wisdom tooth )
第三腓骨肌( 足部伸肌 ) == peroneus tertius ( extensor of the foot )
第三楔骨( 跗骨 ) == third cuneiform ( tarsal )
粒线体 == mitochondrion / mitochondria
粗内质网( 内质纲 ) == rough endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )
粗糙食物( 膳食纤维质 ) == roughage ( dietary fibre )
细支气管 == bronchiole
细胞 == cell
细胞内液( 细胞外液 ) == intracellular fluid ( extracellular fluid )
细胞分裂 == cell division
细胞外物质 == extracellular material
细胞外液 == extracellular fluid
细胞免疫 == cellular immunity
细胞呼吸( 呼吸 ) == cellular respiration ( respiration )
细胞骨架 == cytosdeleton
细胞周期 == cell cycle
细胞间接免疫( 细胞免疫 ) == cell-mediated immunity ( cellular immunity )
细胞间液( 组织液 ) == intercellular fluid ( tissue fluid )
细胞核 == nucleus / nuclei
细胞膜( 质膜 ) == cell membrane ( plasma membrane )
细胞质 == cytoplasm
细胞学( 组织学 ) == cytology ( histology )
细胞体( 神经元 ) == cell body ( neuron )
细菌 == bacterium / bacteria
组织 == tissue
组织修复( 组织 ) == tissue repair ( tissue )
组织胺( 炎症 ) == histamine ( inflammation )
组织液 == tissue fluid
组织间隙( 组织液 ) == interstice ( tissue fluid )
组织学 == histology
组织学家( 组织学 ) == histologist ( histology )
终毛( 毛发 ) == terminal hair ( hair )
脱出( 椎间盘突出 ) == prolapse ( slipped disc )
脱位 == dislocation
莫尔加尼 == Morgagni , Giovanni
荷勒斯 == Hales , Stephen
蛋白素( 血浆 ) == albumin ( blood plasma )
蛋白质 == protein
蛋白质合成 == protein synthesis
蛋白质的消化 == protein digestion
被动免疫( 免疫法 ) == passive immunization ( immunization )
许旺 == Schwann , Theodor
许旺细胞( 绅经胶细胞 ) == Schwann cell ( glial cell )
贫血 == anaemia
软骨 == cartilage
软骨细胞( 软骨 ) == chondrocyte ( cartilage )
软膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == pia mater ( meninx )
软颚( 颚 ) == soft palate ( patlate)
透明带( 卵子 ) == zona pellucida ( ovum )
透明软骨( 玻璃软骨 ) == gristle ( hyaline cartilage )
透析 == dialysis
透析器( 透析 ) == dialyser ( dialysis )
陈诠 == Chen Chuan
阴茎 == penis
阴蒂( 阴道 ) == clitoris ( vagina )
阴道 == ( vagina )
阴囊( 睪丸 ) == scrotum ( testis )
雀斑( 黑色素 ) ==freckles ( melanin )
顶骨( 颅 ) == parietal bone ( cranium )
鸟粪嘌呤( 盐基 ) == guanine ( base )
麦克尤恩爵士 == Macewen , Sir Willeam
麦芽糖( 淀粉 ) == maltose ( starch )
麦芽糖梅( 小肠 ) == maltase ( small intestine )
麻醉剂( 药物 ) == narcotie ( drug )
胫( 胫骨 ) == shin ( tibia )
胫神经( 坐骨神经 ) == tibial nerve ( sciatic nerve )
胫骨 == tibia / shinbone
胫骨前肌 == tibialis anterior
专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == specific resistance ( resistance )
专门学科 == specialized study
趾骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the foot



十二划

饮食 == diet
博蒙特 == Beaumont , William
喘息 == panting ( exhalation )
单甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == monoglyceride ( fat )
单合子双胞胎( 同卵双胞胎 ) == monozygotic twins ( identical twins )
单倍体细胞 == haploid cell
单核球 == monocyte
单纯骨折( 骨析 ) == simple fracture ( fracture )
单醣( 碳水化合物 ) == monosaccharide ( carbohydrate )
唾液( 唾液腺 ) == saliva ( salivary gland )
唾液腺 == salivary gland
唾液淀粉梅( 唾液腺 ) == salivary amylase ( salivary gland )
喉 == larynx
喉结( 喉 ) == Adam’s apple ( larynx )
壸腹( 半规管 ) == ampulla ( semicircular canal )
壸腹脊顶( 半规管 ) == cupula ( semicircular canal )
富兰克林 == Franklin , Rosalind
嵌塞的( 智齿 ) == impacted ( wisdom tooth )
复苏( 死亡 ) == resuscitation ( death )
循环系统 == circulatory system
掌长肌( 手部屈肌 ) == palmaris longus ( flexor of the hand )
掌骨 == metacarpal
掌短肌 == palmaris brevis
提肌( 提高 ) == levator ( elevation )
提高 == elevation
提高( 提高 ) == elevate ( elevation )
换气( 呼吸 ) == ventilation ( breathing )
散光 == astigmatism
斑( 动脉粥状硬化 ) == plaque ( atherosclersis )
斑( 龋齿 ) == plaque ( tooth decay )
斑疹伤寒 == typhus
斯瓦姆默丹 == Swammerdam , Jan
斯坦利 == Stanley , Wendell
斯特蒂文特 == Sturtevant , Alfred
斯诺 == Snow , John
普通染色体( 性染色体 ) == autosome ( sex chromosome )
普尔金耶 == Purkinje , Johannes
品状体 == lens
智力 == intelligence
智齿 == wisdom tooth
棘突( 脊椎骨 ) == spinous process ( vertebra )
棘细胞层( 表皮 ) == prickly layer / stratum spinosum ( epidermis )
森特 – 哲尔吉 == Szent – Gyorgi , Albert von
着床 == implantation
椎弓( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral arch ( vertebra )
椎间盘 == intervertebral disc
椎间盘突出 == slipped disc
椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == centrum ( vertebra )
椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebual body ( vertebra )
氮( 元素 ) == nitrogen ( element )
氯 == chlorine
渥勒 == Wohler , Friedrich
滋养层( 胚胞 ) == trophoblast ( blastocyst )
无氧呼吸 == anaerobic respiration
无意识( 意识 ) == unconsciousness ( conscioushess )
无横纹( 平滑肌 ) == unstriated ( smooth muscle )
无机化合物 == inorganic compound
珐琅质 == enamel
痢疾,见阿米巴痢疾 == dysentery see amoebic dysentery
痉挛 == cramp
发育 == development
发烧 == fever
短趾伸肌( 脚部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum brevis ( extensor of the foot )
短期记忆( 记忆 ) == short-term memory ( memory )
硬骨( 致密骨 ) == hard bone ( compact hone )
硬膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == dura mater ( meninx )
硬颚( 颚 ) == hard palate ( palate )
稀释的( 浓度 ) == dilute ( concentration )
等长收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isometric contraction ( muscle contraction )
等张收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isotonic contraction ( muscle contraction )
等张的 == isotonic
等显性对偶基因 == co-dominant allele
结核病 == tuberculosis
结肠 == colon
结构蛋白 == structural protein
结缔组织 == connective tissue
结膜( 角膜 ) == conjunctiva ( cornea )
绒毛 == villus / villi
绒毛膜 == chorion
绒毛膜绒毛( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus ( chorion )
绒毛膜绒毛取样( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus sampling ( chorion )
绝经 == menopause
丝状乳头( 味蕾 ) == filiform papilla ( taste bud )
腕( 椭球关节 ) == wrist ( ellipsoidal joint )
腕骨 == carpal
腔 == cavity
腔静脉 == vena cava
腋( 上肢 ) == axilla ( upper extremity )
腋动脉( 肱动脉 ) == axillary artery ( brachial artery )
腋静脉( 肱静脉 ) == axillary vein ( brachial vein )
肾 == kidney
肾上腺 == adrenal bland / suprarenal gland
肾上腺素 == adrenaline
肾小球 == glomerulus
肾小球囊( 鲍氏囊 ) == glomerular capsule ( Bowman’s capsule )
肾小管 == renal tubule
肾元 == nephron
肾衰竭( 透析 ) == renal failure ( dialysis )
脾 == spleen
腓神经( 坐骨神经 ) == peroneal nerve( sciatic nerve )
腓骨 == fibula
腓骨肌 == gastrocnemius / calf muscle
残余气量 == residual volume
舒张压( 血压计 ) == diastolic blood pressure ( sphygmomanometer )
烟碱酸 == niacin
华森 == Watson , James
菌落 == bacterial flora
裂( 大脑 ) == fissure ( cerebrum )
视力( 视觉 ) == sight ( vision )
视丘 == thalamus
视皮质( 感觉区 ) == visual cortex ( sensory area )
视色素( 光受器 ) == visual pigment ( photoreceptor )
视径交叉,视神经交叉 == optic chiasma
视神经 == optic nerve
视神经盘,视乳头( 盲点 ) == optic disc ( blind spot )
视紫质( 光受器 ) == rhodopsin ( photoreceptor )
视黄醇( 维生素A ) == retinol ( vitamin A )
视叶( 感觉区 ) == optic lobe ( sensory area )
视网膜 == retina
视觉 == vision
诊断 == diagnosis
费克 == Fick , Adolf
超音波扫描 == ultrasound scanning
超音波扫描仪( 超音波扫描 ) == ultrasound scanner ( ultrasound scanning )
距骨( 跗骨 ) == talus ( tarsal )
轴椎( 颈椎 ) == axis ( cervical vertebra )
轴突 == axon
钙 == calcium
钠 == sodium
钠钾泵( 神经冲动 ) == sodium-potassium pump ( nerve impulse )
开放性骨折( 骨折 ) == open fracture ( fracture )
间期( 细胞周期 ) == interphase ( cell cycle )
间质液( 组织液 ) == interstitial fluid ( tissue fluid )
集尿管( 输尿管 ) == collecting duct ( ureter )
韧带 == ligament
黄骨髓( 骨髓 ) == yellow marrow ( bone marrow )
黄热病 == yellow fever
黄体 == corpus luteum
黄体成长激素 == luteinizing hormone / LH
黄体激素( 雌性激素 ) == progesterone ( female sex hormone )
黑色素 == melanin
氰钴胺素( 维生素B12 ) == cyanocobalamin ( vitamin B12 )
跗骨 == tarsal
雄性激素 == male sex hormone


十三划

传入神经元( 感觉神经元 ) == afferent neuron ( sensory neuron )
传出神经元( 运动神经元 ) == efferent neuron ( motor neuron )
传染性疾病 == infectious disease
传染性单核细胞增多症( 腺热 ) == mononucleosis , infectious ( glandular fever )
传染病 == communicable disease
传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == messenger RNA ( RNA )
传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == m RNA ( RNA )
催化剂( 梅 ) == catalyst ( enzyme )
催乳激素 == prolactin
催产素 == oxytocin
伤寒 == typhoid fever
嗅神经 == olfactory nerve
嗅球( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory bulb ( olfactory membrane )
嗅细胞( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory cell ( olfactory membrane )
嗅膜 == olfactory membrane
嗅觉 == smell
塞麦尔维斯 == Semmelweiss , Ignaz
微生物( 病原体 ) == microorganism ( pathogen )
微血管 == capillary
微淋巴管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph capillary ( lymph vessel )
微绒毛( 绒毛 ) == microvilli ( villus )
微量营养素 == micronutrient
微量矿物质( 矿物质 ) == trace mineral ( mineral )
微胶粒( 脂肪的消化 ) == micelle ( fat digestion )
感冒 == common cold
感染 == infection
感觉 == sense
感觉根( 神经根 ) == sensory root ( nerve root )
感觉神经元 == sensory neuron
感觉区 == sensory area
感觉器官( 感觉 ) == sense organ ( sense )
爱迪生 == Addison , Thomas
爱滋病 == AIDS
暗光适应 == dark adaptation
会厌 == epiglottis
杨 == Young , Thomas
溶梅体 == lysosome
溶液 == solution
溶菌梅( 化学抵抗 ) == lysozyme ( chemical resistance )
溶质( 溶液 ) == solute ( solution )
溶剂( 溶液 ) == solvent ( solution )
沟( 大脑 ) == sulcus / sulci ( cereburm )
减数分裂 == meiosis
温血的,吸热的( 温度调节 ) == endothermic ( thermoregulation )
温度调节 == thermoregulation
滑车( 眼斜肌 ) == trochlea ( oblique eye muscle )
滑动关节 == gliding joint
滑液( 滑液关节 ) == synovial fluid ( synovial joint )
滑液关节 == synovial joint
滑丝学说 == sliding filament theory
滑膜( 滑液关节 ) == synovial membrane ( synovial joint )
滑膜鞘( 腱 ) == synovial sheath ( tendon )
意识 == consciousness
痲疹 == measles
痲疯 == leprosy
睫毛( 眼睑 ) == eyelash ( eyelid )
睫状肌( 晶状体 ) == ciliary muscle ( lens )
睪丸 == testis / testes
睪固酮( 雄性激素 ) == testosterone ( male sex hormone )
矮人( 雷文霍克 ) == homunculi ( Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van )
碘 == iodine
棱形骨( 腕骨 ) == trapezoid ( carpal )
节律器( 窦房结 ) == pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )
经期( 月经 ) == period ( menstruation )
圣托里奥 == Santorio , Santorio
腱 == tendon
腰背部( 腰椎 ) == small of the back ( lumbar vertebra )
腰神经( 脊神经 ) == lumbar nerve ( spinal nerve )
腰神经丛( 脊神经 ) == lumbar plexus ( spinal nerve )
腰椎 == lumbar vertebra
肠 == intestine
肠液 == intestinal juice
肠系膜( 腹膜 ) == mesentery ( peritoneum )
腮腺( 唾液膜 ) == parotid gland ( salivary gland )
脚气病 == beriberi
肿瘤( 癌症 ) == tumour ( cancer )
腄瘤学家( 病理学 ) == oncologist ( pathology )
腹直肌 == rectus abdominis
腹面的( 前面的 ) == ventral ( anterior )
腹根( 神经根 ) == ventral root ( nerve root )
腹腔( 腔 ) == abdominal cavity ( cavity )
腹( 躯干 ) == abdomen ( trunk )
腹腔疾病 == coeliac disease
腹膜 == peritoneum
膜泡( 胰脏 ) == acinus / acini ( pancreas )
腺嘌呤( 盐基 ) == adenine ( base )
腺嘌呤核甘二磷酸( 腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 ) == ADP / adenosine diphosphate ( ATP )
腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 == ADP / adenosine triphosphate
腺样增殖体 == adenoid
腺热 == glandular fever
腺体 == gland
脑 == brain
脑波 == brainwave
脑下垂体,脑垂腺 == pituitary gland
脑室( 脑 ) == ventricle ( brain )
脑神经 == cranial nerve
脑脊髓液 == CSF / cerebrospinal fluid
脑脊髓膜 == meninges / meninx
脑回( 大脑 ) == gyrus / gyri ( cetrebrum )
脑干 == brain stem
脑电图( 脑波 ) == electroencephalogram ( brainwave )
脑电图仪( 脑波 ) == EEG / electroencephalograph ( brainwave )
脑膜炎 == meningitis
叶( 泌乳 ) == lobe ( lactation )
叶酸 == folic acid
叶酸盐( 叶酸 ) == folate( folic acid )
葡萄糖 == glucose
补体系统 == complement system
解毒作用 == detoxification
解剖( 解剖学 ) == dissection ( anatomy )
解剖学 == anatomy
解剖学家( 解剖学 ) == anatomist ( anatomy )
詹纳 == Jenner , Edward
试管内受精( 不孕 ) == in vitro fertilization ( infertility )
跟骨( 跗骨 ) == calcaneus ( tarsal )
跟腱 == Achilles tendon
路德威希 == Ludwig , Karl
运动根( 神经根 ) == motor root ( nerve root )
运动神经元 == motor neuron
运动神经疾病 == motor neuron disease
运动区 == motor area
游走巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == wandering macrophage ( monocyte )
过敏 == allergy
过敏反应( 过敏 ) == allergic reaction ( allergy )
过敏性休克 == anaphylactic shock
过敏性鼻炎( 枯草热 ) == allergic rhinitis ( hay fever )
过敏原 == allergen
钾 == potassium
钩骨( 腕骨 ) == hamate ( carpal )
隔膜避孕用具( 避孕用具 ) == barrier contraceptive ( contraceptive )
雷文霍克 == Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van
雷扎斯 == Rhazes
雷蒙.凯尔 == Ramony Cajal , Santiago
电子( 原子 ) == electron ( atom )
电子显微照片( 显微镜 ) == electron micrograph ( microscopy )
电子显微镜( 显微镜 ) == electron microscope ( microscopy)
电场( 脑波 ) == electrical field ( brainwave )
电极( 心电图仪 ) == electrode ( electrocardiograph )
电脑断层摄影 == computed tomography
电脑断层摄影机(电脑断层摄影) == omputed tomograph ( computed tomography )
电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG ( electrocardiograph )
靶子细胞( 激素 ) == target cell ( hormone )
靶子组织( 激素 ) == target tissue ( hormone )
预后( 诊断 ) == prognosis ( diagnosis )
预期寿命 == life expectancy
饱和脂肪( 脂肪 ) == saturated fat ( fat )
鼓膜 == eardrum / tympanic membrane



十四划

梅 == enzyme
厌食症 == anorexia
呕吐( 吞咽 ) == vomiting ( swallowing )
尘细胞 == dust cell
寿命( 预期寿命 ) == lifespan ( life expectancy )
梦游 == sleepwalking
对偶基因 == allele
对偶基因( 对偶基因 ) == allelomorphic gene ( allele )
对掌拇肌 == opponens pollicis
惯用右手( 用手习惯 ) == right-handed ( handedness )   
惯用左手( 用手习惯 ) == left-handed ( handedness )
槌骨( 中耳 ) == malleus / hammer ( middle ear )
渗透 == osmosis
渗透膜(差异性渗透膜)==permeable membrane( differentially permeable membrane )
渗透调节 == osmoregulation
渗透压 == osmotic pressure
疟疾 == malaria
睡眠 == sleep
碳 == carbon
碳水化合物,醣类 == carbohydrate
碳水化合物的消化 == carbohydrate digestion
种( 生物学 ) == species ( biology )
种子骨 == sesamoid bone
管腔( 吸收 ) == lumen ( absorption )
精子 == sperm
精子( 精子 ) == spermatozoon / spermartozoa ( sperm )
精子发生( 精子 ) == spermatogenesis ( sperm )
精小管( 睪丸 ) == seminiferous tubule ( testis )
精神分裂症 == schizophrenia
精液( 前列腺 ) == semen ( prostate glalnd )
精液( 前列腺 ) == seminal fluid ( prostate gland )
精囊( 前列腺 ) == seminal vesicle ( prostate gland )
维生素 == vitamin
维生素A == vitamin A
维生素B12 == vitamin B12
维生素B1 == vitamin B1
维生素B2 == vitamin B2
维生素B6 == vitamin B6
维生素C == vitamin C
维生素D == vitamin D
维生素E == vitamin E
维生素K == vitamin K
维萨里 == Vesalius , Andreas
腐败( 防腐剂 ) == septic ( antiseptic )
雌性激素 == female sex hormone
膀胱 == bladder
腿后腱 == hamstring
蒙塔古 == Montagu , Lady Mary
蜘蛛膜下腔( 脑脊髓液 ) == subarachnoid space ( cerebrospinal fluid )
蜘蛛膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == arachnoid layer ( meninx )
辅助T细胞( T细胞 ) == helper T cell ( T cell )
远曲小管( 肾小管 ) == distal convoluted tubule( renal tubule )
远视 == long sight / far sight
远视( 远视 ) == hypermetropia / hyperopia ( long sight )
远端的( 近端的 ) == distal ( proximal )
铜 == copper
骰骨( 跗骨 ) == cuboid ( tarsal )
鼻 == nose
鼻中隔( 鼻 ) == nasal septum ( nose )
鼻孔( 鼻 ) == nostril ( nose )
鼻骨( 颜面骨 ) == nasal bone ( facial gone )
鼻腔 == nasal cavity
鼻窦炎( 窦 ) == sinusitis ( sinus )



十五划

适应性免疫( 免疫系统 ) == adaptive immunity ( immune system )
剑突( 胸骨 ) == xiphoid process ( sternum )
喷嚏( 咳嗽 ) == sneeze ( coughing )
弹力蛋白( 结构蛋白 ) == elastin ( structural protein )
弹力软骨 == elastic cartilage
影像( 视觉 ) == image ( vision )
德国麻疹 == German measles
德国麻疹( 德国痲疹 ) == rubella ( German measles )
摩根 == Morgan , Thomas
摩纳德 == Monod , Jacques
暂齿( 乳齿 ) == deciduous teeth ( milk teeth )
枢钮关节 == hinge joint
欧斯塔基奥 == Eustachio , Bartolommeo
浆液( 浆膜 ) == serous fluid ( serous membrane )
浆细胞( B细胞 ) == plasma cell ( B cell )
浆膜 == serous membrane
潜伏期 == incubation period
潜意识的( 意识 ) == subconscious ( consciousness )
潮气量( 总肺活量 ) == tidal volume ( total lung capacity )
热原( 发烧 ) == pyrogen ( fever )
热能( 能 ) == heat energy ( energy )
热摄影术 == thermography  
热摄影照片( 热摄影术 ) == thermograph ( thermography )
瘢痕组织( 组织 ) == sear tissue ( tissue )
皱眉肌 == corrugator supercilii
皱缩( 渗透 ) == crenation ( osmosis )
致密骨 == compact bone
膜( 质膜 ) == membrane ( plasma membrane )
膝( 枢钮关节 ) == knee ( hinge joint )
膝置换( 人工关节 ) == knee replacement ( artificial joint )
膝盖反射( 牵胀反射 ) == knee-jerk reflex / patellar reflex ( stretch reflex )
膝盖骨( 髌骨 ) == kneecap ( patella )
胶原( 结构蛋白 ) == collagen ( structural protein )
蔗糖( 糖 ) == cane sugar / sucrose ( sugar )
蔗糖梅( 小肠 ) == sucrase ( small intestine )
蝶骨( 颅 ) == sphenoid bone ( cranium )
复合式骨折( 骨折 ) == compound fracture ( fracture )
复制 == replication
调节血糖 == blood sugar regulation
调节 == accommodation
豌豆骨( 腕骨 ) == pisiform ( carpal )
竖毛肌( 鸡皮疙瘩 ) == arrector pili ( goose pimple )
质子 ( 原子 ) == proton ( atom )
质膜 == plasma membrane
踝( 枢钮关节 ) == ankle ( hinge joint )
轮廓乳头( 味雷 ) == circumvallate papilla ( taste bud )
锌 == zinc
钡餐 == barium meal
鞍状关节 == saddle joint
巩膜( 眼睛 ) == sclera ( eye )
颌骨 == jaw
颌下腺( 唾液腺 ) == submandibular gland ( salivary gland )
鲁克斯 == Roux , Pierre
齿列( 牙齿 ) == dentition ( tooth )
齿式( 牙齿 ) == dental formula ( tooth )
齿周韧带( 垩质 ) == peridontal ligament ( cement )
齿阜( 前臼齿 ) == cusp ( premolar )
齿槽( 垩质 ) == tooth socket ( cement )
齿质 == dentine
齿龈( 牙齿 ) == gum ( tooth )



十六划

凝血因子( 凝固 ) == clotting factor ( coagulation )
凝乳梅 == rennin
凝固 == coagulation
凝集 == agglutination
器官 == organ
噬骨细胞( 骨 ) == osteoclast ( bone )
学习( 行为 ) == learning ( behaviour )
导钙素( 维生素D ) == calciferol (vitamin D )
横纹( 心肌 ) == striated ( cardiac muscle )
横结肠( 结肠 ) == transverse colon ( colon )
横膈 == diaphragm
桥脑( 脑干 ) == pons ( brain stem )
树突( 神经元 ) == dendrite ( neuron)
椭球关节 == ellipsoidal joint
椭圆囊( 球囊 ) == utricle ( saccule )
机械性受器 == mechanoreceptor
机械抵抗 == mechanical resistance
桡神经 == radial nerve
桡骨 == radius
桡侧屈腕肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor carpi radialis ( flexor of the hand )
桡动脉( 动脉 ) == radial artery ( brachial artery )
淀粉 == starch
浓度 == concentration
浓缩( 染色体 ) == condense ( chromosome )
浓缩的( 浓度 ) == concentrated ( concentration )
激素,荷尔蒙 == hormone
激素避孕药( 避孕用具 ) == hormonal contraceptive ( contraceptive )
筛骨( 颅 ) == ethmoid bone ( cranium )
糖 == sugar
糖尿病 == diabetes
糖解 == glycolysis
膳食纤维质 == dietary fibre
蕈状乳头( 味蕾 ) == fungiform papilla ( taste bud )
亲水的( 磷脂 ) == hydrophilic ( phospholipid )
输血 == blood trans-fusion
输卵管 == Fallopian tube
输尿管 == ureter
输精管( 睪丸 ) == vas deferens ( testis )
遗传 == heredity
遗传工程 == genetic engineering
遗传特征( 遗传 ) == inherited characteristic ( heredity )
遗传病 == genetic disorder
遗传密码 == genetic code
遗传学( 遗传 ) == genetic ( heredity )
锰 == manganese
锥细胞( 光受器 ) == cone ( photoreceptor )
随意肌( 骨骼肌 ) == voluntary muscle ( skeletal muscle )
随机分配 == random assortment
阈值( 刺激 ) == threshold level ( stimulus )
霍奇金 == Hodgkin , Dorothy
霍普金斯 == Hopkins , Frederick Gowland
霍乱 == cholera
静水压 == water potential
静脉 == vein
静脉曲张 == varicose vein
静脉瓣( 静脉 ) == vein valves ( vein )
颊肌 == buccinator
颊腔( 口 ) == buccal cavity ( mouth )
颈( 头 ) == neck ( head )
颈夹肌( 头最长肌 ) == splenius cervicis ( longissimus capitis )
颈神经( 脊神经 ) == cervical nerve ( spinal nerve )
颈神经丛( 脊神经 ) == cervical plexus ( spinal nerve )
颈动脉 == carotid artery
颈椎 == cervical vertebra
颈静脉 == jugular vein
颈阔肌 == platysma
频率( 听觉 ) == frequence ( hearing )
头 == head
头夹肌( 头最长肌 ) == splenius capitis ( longissimus capitis )
头状骨( 腕骨 ) == capitate ( carpal )
头骨 == skull
头最长肌 == longissimus capitis
鲍氏囊 == Bowman’s capsule
鲍林 == Pauling , Linus
鲍曼爵士 == Bowman , Sir William
褶皱( 胃 ) == ruga / rugae ( stomach )



十七划

婴儿 == infant
婴儿期( 婴儿 ) == infancy ( infant )
湿疹 == eczema
营养 == nutrition
营养不良 == malnutrition
营养素 == nutrient
营养缺乏病 == deficiency disease
环状肌( 蠕动 ) == circular muscle ( peristalsis )
环状软骨( 喉 ) == cricoid cartilage ( larynx )
环椎( 颈椎 ) == atlas ( cervical vertebra )
环轴关节 == pivot joint
环境 == environment
癌症 == cancer
瞳孔( 虹膜 ) == pupil ( iris )
磷 == phosphorus
磷脂 == phospholipid
磷脂胆佥( 磷脂 ) == phosphatidyl choline ( phospholipid )
粪便( 结肠 ) == faeces ( colon )
糙皮症 == pellagra
缝匠肌 == sartorius
总肺活量 == total lung capacity
纵走肌( 蠕动 ) == longitudinal muscle ( peristalsis )
翼肌( 嚼肌 ) == pterygoid ( masseter )
声带 == vocal cord
联合神经元 == association neuron
联络区 == association area
臂神经丛( 脊神经 ) == brachial plexus ( spinal nerve )
臀大肌 == gluteus maximus
臀位生产 == breech birth
臀部( 臀大肌 ) == buttocks ( gluteus maxinus )
脓( 吞噬细胞 ) == pus ( phagocyte )
胆汁 == bile
胆汁的产生 == bile production
胆固醇 == cholesterol
胆红素( 胆汁 ) == bilirubin ( bile )
胆管( 胆囊 ) == bile duct ( gall bladder )
胆管系统( 胆囊 ) == biliary system (gall bladder )
胆囊 == gall bladder
胆盐( 胆汁 ) == bile salts ( bile )
避孕用具 == contraceptive
迈尔霍夫 == Meyerhof , Otto
镁 == magnesium
阑尾( 盲肠 ) == appendix ( caecum )
隐性基因( 隐性对偶基因 ) == recessive gene ( recessive allele )
隐性对偶基因 == recessive allele
颗粒性白血球 == granulocyte
颗粒层( 表皮 ) == granular layer ( epidermis )
黏液( 黏膜 ) == mucus ( mucous membrane )
黏膜 == mucous membrane
储存维生素 == vitamin storage
储存矿物质 == mineral storage



十八划

丛( 脊神经 ) == plexus ( spinal nerve )
扩散 == diffusion
柠檬酸循环( 克列伯氏循环 ) == citric acid cycle ( Krebs cycle )
滤泡 == follicle
脐( 脐带 ) == umbilicus ( umbilical cord )
脐带 == umbilical cord
荐神经( 脊神经 ) == sacral nerve ( spinal nerve )
荐神经丛( 脊神经 ) == sacral plexus ( spinal nerve )
荐骨 == sacurm
荐椎( 荐骨 ) == sacral vertebra ( sacrum )
躯干 == trunk
躯体神经系统 == somatic nervous system
转送核糖核酸 == transfer RNA
转送核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == t RNA ( RNA )
转移( 癌症 ) == metastasize ( cancer )
转运蛋白 == transport protein
转录( 蛋白质合成 ) == transcription ( protein synthesis )
转译( 蛋白质合成 ) == translation ( protein synthesis )
锁骨( 胸带 ) == clavicle / collarbone ( pectoral girdle )
锁骨下动脉( 肱动脉 ) == subclavian artery ( brachial artery )
锁骨下静脉( 肱静脉 ) == subclavian vein ( brachial vein )
离子( 离子化合物 ) == ion ( ionic compound )
离子化合物 == ionic compound
离子键( 化学键 ) == ionic bond ( chemical bond )
杂食者 == omnivore
双合子双胞胎( 异卵只胞胎 ) == dizygotic twins ( fraternal twins )
双胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == twins ( multiple pregnancy )
双重循环( 循环系统 ) == double circulation ( circulatory system )
双眼视觉 == binocular vision
双焦镜( 远视 ) == bifocal glasses ( long sight )
只螺旋( 去氧核糖核酸 ) == double helix ( DNA )
双醣( 碳水化合物 ) == disaccharide ( carbohydrate )
双关节( 关节 ) == double-jointed ( joint )
鸡皮疙瘩 == goose pimple / goose bump
鞭毛 == flagellum / flagella
额肌 == frontalis
额骨( 颅 ) == frontal bone ( cranium )
颜色缺陷( 色盲 ) == colour deficient ( colour blindness )
颜面( 头 ) == face ( head )
颜面神经 == facial nerve
颜面骨 == facial bone
颚 == palate
髁状关节( 椭球关节 ) == condyloid joint ( ellipsoidal joint )
松质骨( 海绵骨 ) == cancellous bone ( spongy bone )
伞( 输卵管 ) == fimbria / fimbriae ( Fallopian tube )
跖肌( 跟腱 ) == plantaris ( Achilles tendon )
跖骨 == metatarsal



十九划

咽钡( 钡餐 ) == barium swallow ( barium meal )
坏血病 == scurvy
罗斯 == Ross , Ronald
药物 == drug
边缘系统( 情绪 ) == limbic system ( emotion )
关节 == joint / articulation
关节炎 == arthritis
关节镜检查( 内视镜检查 ) == arthroscopy ( endoscopy )
类固醇 == steroid
类风湿性关节炎( 关节炎 ) == rheumatoid arthritis ( rathritis )
髂骨( 骨盆带 ) == ilium ( pelvic girdle )
髂动脉( 股动脉 ) == iliac artery ( femoral artery )
髂静脉( 股静脉 ) == iliac vein ( femoral vein )




二十划

嚼肌 == masseter
悬雍垂( 颚 ) == uvula ( palate )
矿物质 == mineral
窦 == sinus
窦房结 == sinoatrial nlde
窦状隙( 肝细胞 ) == sinusoid ( hepatocyle )
继发性反应( 免疫反应 ) == secondary response ( immune response )
蠕动 == peristalsis
触觉 == touch
谵妄( 发烧 ) == delirium ( fever )
镫骨( 中耳 ) == stapes / stirrup ( middle ear )



二十一划

响度( 听觉 ) == loudness ( hearing )
摄食 == ingestion
兰德施泰纳 == Landsteiner , Karl
镰刀状细胞性贫血 == sickle-cell
铁 == iron



二十二划

囊( 滑液关节 ) == capsule ( synovial joint )
囊胚腔( 胚胞 ) == blastocoele ( blastocyst )
听神经( 毛细胞 ) == auditory nerve / cochlear nerve ( hair cell)
听骨( 中耳 ) == ear ossicle ( middle ear )
听诊器 == stethoscope
听觉 == hearing
颤抖 == shivering


二十三划

纤毛 == cilium / cilia
纤维性颤动( 心脏病发作 ) == fibrillation ( heart attack )
纤维素 == cellulose
纤维蛋白( 凝固 ) == fibrin ( coagulation )
纤维蛋白原( 血浆 ) == fibrinogen ( blood plasma )
纤维软骨 == fibrous cartilage
显性基因( 显性对偶基因 ) == dominant gene ( dominant allele )
显性对偶基因 == dominant allele
显微照片( 显微镜检查 ) == micrograph ( microscopy )
显微镜( 显微镜检查 ) == microscopy ( microscopy )
显微镜检查 == microscopy
髓 == pulp
髓腔( 髓 ) == pulp cavity ( pulp )
髓质( 肾上腺 ) == medulla ( adrenal gland )
髓质( 肾 ) == medulla ( kidney )
髓质( 脑干 ) == medulla ( brain stem )
髓磷脂( 轴突 ) == myelin ( axon )
体液免疫 == humoral immunity
体细胞 == somatic cell
体循环 == systemic circulation
体温( 温度调节 ) == body temperature ( thermoregulation )
体温过低( 温度调节 ) == hypothermia ( thermoregulation )
鳞状缝( 骨缝 ) == squamous suture ( suture )
验血 == blood test



二十四划

癫痫 == epilepsy
盐基对 == base pair
盐基 == base
盐酸( 胃液 ) == hydrochloric acid ( gastric juice )
盐类( 化学键 ) == salts ( chemical bond )
龋齿 == tooth decay
龋齿( 龋齿 ) == dental caries ( tooth decay )
腭骨( 颜面骨 ) == palatine bone ( facial bone )
髌骨 == patella



二十五划

颅 == cranium
颅骨( 颅 ) == cranial bone ( cranium )
颅腔( 腔 ) == cranial cavity ( cavity )
髋( 杵臼关节 ) == hip ( ball-and-docket joint )
髋骨( 骨盆带 ) == coxal bone / hip bone ( pelvic girdle )
髋带( 骨盆带 ) == hip girdle ( pelvic girdle )
髋置换( 人工关节 ) == hip replacement ( artificial joint )



二十七划

颞下颌关节( 颌骨 ) == temporomandibular ( jaw )
颞肌( 嚼肌 ) == temporalis ( masseter )
颞骨( 颅 ) == temporal bone ( cranium )
颧骨( 颜面骨 ) == cheedbone / zygomatic bone ( facial bone )(责任编辑:泉水)
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